Moore, Edward Charles, GM3c

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Last Rank
Gunner's Mate 3rd Class
Last Primary NEC
GM-0000-Gunner's Mate
Last Rating/NEC Group
Gunner's Mate
Primary Unit
1943-1943, Commander in Chief US Naval Forces Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR)/Commander US Naval Forces Europe (COMUSNAVE
Service Years
1942 - 1943
Official/Unofficial US Navy Certificates
Order of the Rock
GM-Gunner's Mate

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Year of Birth
This Military Service Page was created/owned by Bersley H. Thomas, Jr. (Tom), SMCS to remember Moore, Edward Charles, GM3c.

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Casualty Info
Home Town
Last Address
Not Specified

Casualty Date
Jul 10, 1943
Hostile, Died
Gun, Small Arms Fire
Mediterranean Sea
World War II
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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World War II Fallen
  2018, World War II Fallen

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 Enlisted/Officer Basic Training
  1942, Recruit Training (Great Lakes, IL)
 Duty Stations
Advancement Schools and CoursesSurface Vessels USS No NameCommander in Chief US Naval Forces Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR)/Commander US Naval Forces Europe (COMUSNAVE
  1942-1942, (GM) Gunners Mate A School
  1943-1943, Surface Vessels USS No Name
  1943-1943, Commander in Chief US Naval Forces Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR)/Commander US Naval Forces Europe (COMUSNAVE
 Combat and Non-Combat Operations
  1942-1945 World War II
  1943-1943 World War II/European-African-Middle Eastern Theater/Sicily Campaign (1943)
 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major World War II campaign, in which the Allies took Sicily from the Axis (Italy and Nazi Germany). It was a large scale amphibious and airborne operation, followed by six weeks of land combat. It launched the Italian Campaign.

Husky began on the night of July 9, 1943, and ended August 17. It was the largest amphibious operation of the war in terms of men landed on the beaches and of frontage. Strategically, Husky achieved the goals set out for it by Allied planners. The Allies drove Axis air and naval forces from the island; the Mediterranean's sea lanes were opened and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was toppled from power. It opened the way to the Allied invasion of Italy.

The Man Who Never Was

In the spring of 1943, with the African Campaign coming to a successful conclusion, the Allies began to consider the invasion of Hitler's "Fortress Europe." The most obvious target to start the invasion was Sicily, which was not only in a strategic location that would act as a springboard for the rest of Europe, but it would've allowed for the elimination of the Luftwaffe, a danger to allied shipping in the Mediterranean Sea.

There were problems: to start, the Germans were well aware of the importance of Sicily to the Allies as the logical place to start an invasion. Add to that the mountainous landscape of the island, a joy to defend but impossible to attack. And lastly, the invasion (Operation Husky) would require such a build-up of armaments that it would be next to impossible to go undetected by the Germans.

For Operation Husky to succeed and not turn into a blood bath for the Allies, the German High Command had to be fooled.

On April 30, a fisherman off of the coast of Spain picked up the body of a British Royal Marines courier, Major William Martin. Attached to his wrist was a briefcase, which contained personal correspondence and documents related to the impending Allied invasion of Sardinia. Spain immediately notified the Abwehr (German intelligence).

After this discovery, Hitler promptly moved two Panzer divisions and an additional Waffen SS brigade to Sardinia to prepare for this Allied invasion.

Major William Martin of the British Royal Marines had been dead long before he had even hit the water, much less served in the armed forces. Major Martin was a decoy devised by Sir Archibald Cholmondley (with the appropriate name Operation Mincemeat) and put in action by Lieutenant Commander Ewen Montagu of Naval Intelligence.

Major Martin had to appear as though he had drowned, probably after his plane crashed off the coast of Spain. This necessitated finding a corpse whose lungs were already full of fluid, so that any doctors who examined the body would accept that he had been at sea for some time.

A 34-year-old man was found, recently departed after ingesting rat poison and developing pneumonia. He'd have to appear that he had been dead for a while before falling to enemy hands so that the effects of the seawater would disguise the obvious decomposition.

Intelligence secretaries wrote love letters to Major Martin, one of them even including a photo of herself in a swimsuit to pass for the Major's girlfriend, Pam. Sir Cholmondley carried the letters in his wallet for several weeks to give them an authentic worn look. Martin's persona was further enhanced by adding overdue bills, an angry letter from his bank manager, a letter from his father, tickets, keys. All the sort of things that a real person would happen to carry, along with the documents that told of the Allies' plans of invasion.

When Operation Husky finally took place, the Allies found so little resistance from the enemy in Sicily that the Germans had to retreat all the way to Messina. The invasion was a complete success thanks to the mission carried out by a dead man.

-- Leandro Asnaghi-Nicastro



The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the Navy Cross (Posthumously) to Edward Charles Moore (39211336), Gunner's Mate Third Class, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty in action against the enemy while serving as Gunner on board Infantry Landing Craft U.S.S. LCI(L), ONE (LCI(L)-1), while participating in the amphibious assault on the Island of Sicily on 10 July 1943. Although the ship broached under pounding by the heavy surf while effecting an extremely hazardous landing on Caffi Beach, Gunner's Mate Third Class Moore operated his gun with such skill and accuracy despite perilous exposure to a deadly rainstorm of bullets that he succeeded in silencing at least one and possibly two enemy machine-gun nests. Firing tenaciously in the hostile positions until his ammunition was exhausted, he contributed immeasurably to the safe disembarkation of troops from his and other beached landing craft. Gunner's Mate Third Class Moore's exceptional courage and valiant devotion to duty in the face of grave danger were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

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