STRAUSS, Lewis, RADM Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Rear Admiral Upper Half
Last Rating/NEC Group
Officer
Last Duty Station
1945-1946, Major Commands
Service Years
1925 - 1946
Rear Admiral Upper Half Rear Admiral Upper Half

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Home State
West Virginia
West Virginia
Year of Birth
1896
 
Contact Info
Home Town
Charleston, Kanawha County, WV
Last Address
Strauss died in Brandy Station,
Culpeper County Virginia, USA

Burial: Hebrew Cemetery
Richmond/Richmond City Virginia

Date of Passing
Jan 21, 1974
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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Office of the Secretary of Defense WW II Honorable Discharge Pin


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 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

Rear Admiral Lewis L. Strauss

Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Eisenhower in 1958
The Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, French Legion of Honor
and the Belgian Order of Leopold.



Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss (January 31, 1896 – January 21, 1974) (pronounced "straws") was an American  Jewish  businessman, public official, and naval officer. He was a major figure in the development of nuclear weapons and nuclear power in the U.S.

"Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss, Jr. was born on January 31, 1896 in Charleston, West Virginia, to Lewis and Rosa (Lichtenstein) Strauss. He grew up in Richmond, and became a traveling salesman for his family's wholesale shoe business. In 1917, he presented himself to Herbert C. Hoover. At the time, Hoover was organizing volunteers in the cause of Belgian relief. Later, when Hoover became head of the Food Administration, Lewis L. Strauss became his personal secretary and accompanied him on several European missions. He worked for Hoover's election to the presidency in 1928, and maintained a life-long friendship with President Hoover until the latter's death in 1964.

"In 1958, President Eisenhower appointed Lewis L. Strauss to be Acting Secretary of Commerce, and in 1959 he nominated him for the position. After a protracted public debate concerning ethical considerations, and one in which the specter of anti-Semitism was also raised, the Senate refused to confirm Lewis L. Strauss' nomination. Following this episode, Lewis L. Strauss returned to private life. On January 21,1974, Lewis L. Strauss died at the age of 78 at his home in Brandy Station, West Virginia."

In 1925 Strauss was commissioned in the naval reserve as an intelligence officer; in 1941 he was called up for active duty. He soon wound up working for Secretary of the Navy Frank Know. [Knox, formerly of the Chicago Daily News, was an old friend of Albert Lasker; Lasker's son Edward also served in his office -cast.] "Soon after Knox's death in May 1944, Forrestal created a special position in the Navy Department for Strauss as his personal 'trouble shooter'. Strauss also came to the attention of President Truman as a result of his tenure on an inter-service committee on the future role of atomic energy. [Mary Lasker's close connections to Truman perhaps also helped -cast.] A few months later, in July 1946, Truman appointed Strauss as one of the commissioners of the new and highly controversial Atomic Energy Commission," where he served from 1946-50 and 1953-58.
   
Other Comments:
Strauss' mother had also encouraged him to perform some kind of public or humanitarian service. It was 1917. World War I was raging in Europe, and Herbert Hoover was head of the Committee for Relief in Belgium  (CRB). Strauss volunteered to serve without pay as Hoover's assistant. Strauss worked hard and well, and soon was promoted to Hoover's private secretary, a post in which he made powerful contacts that would serve him later on. His service with the CRB lasted till 1919.

Despite his disqualification for regular military duty --he was valedictorian of his high school class, though due to typhoid fever in his senior year, he was unable to graduate with his class --Strauss applied to join the Navy Reserve in 1925, and received an officer's commission. In 1939 and 1940, as World War II began, he volunteered for active duty, and in 1941, he was called up. He was assigned to the Bureau of Ordance, where he helped organize and manage Navy munitions work. His contributions were recognized by Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox, and he served on the Army-Navy Munitions Board and the Naval Reserve Policy Board.

When James V. Forrestal succeeded Knox in 1944, he employed Strauss as his personal trouble-shooter. and he became  adviser to Navy Undersecretary Forrestal. He directed the development of the radar proximity fuse, conceived of the Big "E" war production incentive program, and in  November 1945, after the war, he was promoted to Rear Admiral by President Truman. In 1946, Truman appointed Lewis L. Strauss to serve on the Atomic Energy Commission, on which he served through 1950. In 1953, President Eisenhower reappointed Lewis L. Strauss to the commission, this time as its chairman.
   
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 Duty Stations
Formal SchoolsUS NavyBureau of OrdnanceDepartment of Defense (DOD)/Office of the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF)
Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)/Under Secretary of the Navy (UNSECNAV)
  1925-1925, Naval Reserve Midshipmen School
  1926-1940, US Navy
  1940-1941, Bureau of Ordnance
  1942-1943, Bureau of Ordnance/Ordnance Board
  1943-1944, Office of the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF)/Reserve Forces Policy Board
  1944-1945, Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV)/Under Secretary of the Navy (UNSECNAV)
  1945-1946, Major Commands
 Colleges Attended 
University of Rhode IslandTufts University
  1954-1954, University of Rhode Island
  1956-1956, Tufts University
 Combat and Operations History
  1939-1945 World War II
 Other News, Events and Photographs
 
  Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss8
  Secretary of Commerce (1958 - 1959)
  Awards
  The Strauss Affair
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