HUGHES, James, CDR Deceased
 
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Last Rank
Commander
Last Primary Designator/NEC
111X-Unrestricted Line Officer - qualified in Surface Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Officer
Last Duty Station
1942-1943, USS Electra (AK-21)
Service Years
1915 - 1945
Commander Commander

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Home State
New York
New York
Year of Birth
1898
 
Contact Info
Home Town
New York
Last Address
Not Specified

Date of Passing
Not Specified
 
Location of Interment
Not Specified
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

 Official Badges 

WW II Honorable Discharge Pin US Navy Retired 30


 Unofficial Badges 

US Navy Honorable Discharge Blue Star


 Additional Information
Last Known Activity

 

Lieutenant Commander James Joseph Hughes

Commanding Officer USS Panay Yangtze River Patrol

By this time Lieutenant Commander James Joseph Hughes had taken command of the Panay. Born in New York in 1898, Hughes was a 38-year-old graduate of the US Naval Academy who looked like a businessman. He had received command of the Panay only in June 1936, and it was his first, though he had been involved with the Yangtze River Patrol for years.

Hughes was a taskmaster.  A native New Yorker, he attended Annapolis in 1915 and earned a reputation for his intelligence and stern judgment.  According to Darby Perry, author of the definitive work The Panay Incident, Hughes "pushed himself through a number of - courses that a professional naval officer would need for advancement and a Yangtze Patrol officer might need for survival when operating independently and with almost unlimited authority deep inside China."


Hughes had four officers working under him on the Panay. His right-hand man was Arthur "Tex" Ferdinant Anders, a dependable executive officer who had been on the river 18 months and had worked his way up through the ranks to earn a promotion to lieutenant soon after Hughes took command. Next were Lieutenant Clark Gilson Grazier, a dark-haired and handsome medical officer, and Lieutenant Junior Grade John W. Geist. Both came from Pennsylvania. The youngest officer on board was Lieutenant Junior Grade Denis Harry Biwerse, a 25-year-old Wisconsinite who was assigned to the USS Asheville, but was filling in on the Panay until a replacement arrived from the states.

The American crewmen were relaxing after their meal when the ship lookout reported to Hughes at 1:36 p.m. that he saw 12 to 15 planes flying upriver. Hughes hustled to the bridge to grab his binoculars. Just as he put them to his eyes, he saw the Japanese biplanes tip into dives. "That Sunday on the Panay we had just had our chicken dinner," Anders recalled decades later. "We heard Japanese heavy bombers coming. It wasn't a new sound. They were hitting the Chinese ashore. The Japanese hadn't struck us. America was neutral. The three heavies came at us. And they were followed by six dive bombers." As Hughes watched through his binoculars, Chief Quartermaster John H. Lang saw it all with the naked eye. "They're letting go bombs,' Lang screamed; "get under cover." As the crew scattered, tobacco merchant Vines, on the Mei An, wrote that he could not believe the Japanese were attacking. "The ships were clustered together with U.S. flags everywhere," he wrote.

Hughes and Lang ducked back into the pilot house just as the first bomb struck at 1:38 p.m. "It seemed to hit directly overhead," Hughes remembered. Lieutenant Biwerse had stepped out onto the forward port deck and was hit by the explosion. He was dazed and sat on the deck with his uniform completely blown off except for his shirt. The bomb caused massive damage to the Panay, knocking out the 3-inch bow gun, wrecking the pilot house, destroying the radio equipment, toppling the main mast, rupturing the main fuel line, damaging the sick bay, puncturing the fire room, and severely wounding Hughes and several crewmen. "Even though we weren't moving," wrote Lieutenant Geist, "it was a good shot for a bomber." And this bomb had come from the high-flying planes. The dive bombers had not yet struck.

Hughes had a fractured leg and was taken to the galley for protection. Anders assumed command, despite the fact that he was wounded in both hands. The ship and crew were fighting for survival now as the high-level bombers turned away. "I could see three heavy bombers going back down river," Geist recalled.

   
Other Comments:
U.S. Navy operated as a neutral party on the Yangtze, entering the war zone involved considerable risk.  To minimize the chance that Panay might become a target, Lt. Commander James J. Hughes had his men lash large American flags horizontally across the upper deck awnings, and a gigantic 6' x 11' Stars and Stripes displayed from the gaff before the ship sailed from Shanghai. At night while anchored off Nanking, the ship wNewspaperas to be illuminated and the flag spotlighted.  The ship's twin motor sampans, dispatched to the docks to pick up passengers, would also carry large flags.

12 December 1937: The"China Incident." Yangtze River, above Nanking. About 1327, LtCdr James J. Hughes' river gunboat USS PANAY (PR-5) is attacked by IJN aircraft while escorting three Socony Vacuum Oil Company barges MEI PING, MEI SHIA and MEI AN. The attack continues until 1554 when PANAY sinks. Three men are killed and 43 sailors and five passengers are wounded. Two of the three oil barges are also bombed and destroyed. 

Tokyo: American Ambassador Joseph C. Grew immediately lodges a formal protest. The Japanese government accepts responsibility, but claims the attack was unintentional. 

Washington, DC: The United States government, militarily unprepared, is anxious to avoid war. The Roosevelt Administration accepts the Japanese "mistake" explanation. After an indemnity of $2.2 million is paid in April 1938, the incident is officially closed.
   
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  MEMORANDUM for Bureau of Navigation. Injuries and deaths USS Panay
   
Date
Dec 14, 1937

Last Updated:
Jul 17, 2010
   
Comments

NAVY DEPARTMENT
OFFICE OF CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS
WASHINGTON

14 December, 1937.

MEMORANDUM for Bureau of Navigation.

1. The following are excerpts from dispatches which appear to involve personnel and may be of interest:

"Following sent from BEE at 2045 'All ships in American convoy destroyed Stop all were anchored between Kaiyua wharf and Hohsien in midriver Stop PANAY attacked by bombers about 1324 she wa apparently hit and sinking bows first Meid Beached and abandoned on north shore stop after first bombing Meping and Meishan berthed alongside Kaiyuan wharf Hohsien stop fires extinguished and contract made with Japanese military who were standing alongside when ships were finally bombed and set on fire stop PANAY sailors now on board BEE were in Neipin at time of bombing remainder landed south shore vanes but believe trying to get Wuhu overland SOP Marshal James of colliers magazine was last seen last night walking inland badly wounded in neck Hodge JL fireman first class of PANAY missing'.

"Following message from BEE 'following are now aboard BEE Sherwood Pickering and Goldy of Socony comma Jorgensen of Mei Hsia comma Mender and Blasina of Peiping comma Pucket Hoyle Coleman Granes Bonoski Dirnhoffer Browning all of PANAY period Am moving into stream for the night to avoid danger from burning hulks of Meiping and Meihsia period survivors account of what happened follows period I am signalling over north bank with S dash L to say BEE will be off Hohsien again in the morning period vines of Bat survivors of yesterday bombing may be finding their way overland to Wuhu period inform Hashimoto'.

EXCERPT FROM THE REPORT MADE BY LIEUT. COMDR. JAMES J. HUGHES, COMMANDING OFFICER USS PANAY. OF THE SINKING OF THAT VESSEL BY JAPANESE FORCES NEAR HOHSIEN, CHINA, ON DECEMBER 12th, 1937. FULL REPORT WILL BE FOUND IN THE CASUALTY FOLDER, BUT THAT PORTION CONCERNING PERSONNEL CASUALTIES HAS BEEN MADE A PART OF THE OFFICIAL RECORD OF THE DEAD AND INJURED.

Par. 24. THE CASUALTIES SUSTAINED ON BOARD THE PANAY OR IN OPEN SAMPANS AFTER ABANDONING SHIP WERE AS FOLLOWS:

DEAD:
CHARLES L. ENSMINGER, STOREKEEER 1c, USN
EDGAR G. HULSEBUS, LIEUT. USN
MR. SANDRO SANDRI, ITALIAN JOURNALIST.
SERIOUSLY INJURED:
JAMES J. HUGHES, LIEUT. COMDR., USN
ARTHUR F. ANDERS, LIEUT. USN
JOHN W. GEIST, LIEUT (jg) USN
CARL H. BIRK, E.M. 1c, USN
NEWTON L. DAVIS, F. 1c, USN ALEX KOZAK, MM 2c, USN
JOHN H. LAND, CQM, USN
KENNETH JAMES RICE, EM 3c, USN
CHARLES SCOTT SCHROYER, SEA.1c, USN
PERES DIX ZIEGLER, S.C. 3c, USN
MINOR INJURIES:
CHARLES S. ADAMS, RM 2c, USN
TONY BARBA, JR., SC 3c, USN
JOHN A. BONKOSKI, GM 3c, USN
ERNEST C. BRANCH, F. 1c, USN
RAYMOND L. BROWNING, EM 3c, USN
WALTER CHEATHAM, COX., USN
THOMAS A. COLEMAN, CPhM, USN
JOHN A. DIRNHOFER, Sea. 1c, USN
YUAN T. ERH, MAtt. 1c, USN
FRED G. FICHTENMAYER, CM 1c, USN
EMERY F. FISHER, CWT, USN
MICHAEL GERENT, MM 2c, USN
CECIL B. GREEN, Sea. 1c, USN
JOHN L. HODGE, F. 1c, USN
FON B. HUFFMAN, WT 2c, USN
KARL HAROLD JOHNSON, MM 2c, USN
CARL HERMAN KERSKE PETER H. LUMPERS, CMM, USN
WILLIAM P. LANDER, Sea. 1c, USN
ERNEST R. HALHMANN, CBM, USN
WILLIAM A. MC CABE, F. 1c, USN
STANLEY W. MC EOWEN, Sea. 1c, USN
JAMES H. PECK, QM 2c, USN
REGINALD P. PETERSON, RM 2c, USN
VERNON F. PUCKETT, CMM, USN
KING F. SUNG, MAtt. 2c, USN
HARRY B. TUCK, S. 1c, USN
CLEO E. WAXLER, BM 2c, USN
John T. Weber, Yeo. 1c, USN
ROBERT R. HEBARD, F. 1c, USN
FAR Z. WONG, MAtt. 1c, USN
CLARK G. GRAZIER, Lieut.)MC), USN
DENNIS H. BIWERSE, Ensign, USN.

THE FOLLOWING CIVILIAN PASSENGERS WERE SERIOUSLY INJURED: EMILE GASSIE, EMBASSY CLERK, JAMES MARSHALL, COLLIERS CORRESPONDENT; MINOR INJURIES: J. PAXTON HALL, SECOND SECRETARY; ROY SQUIRES, CHINA INPORTING AND EXPORTING. FOLLOWING CIVILIAN ON BOARD MEIPING MINOR INJURIES: F.H. VINES, BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO. FOLLOWING CIVILIAN ON BOARD MEIHSIA DEAD, C.H. RLSON, MASTER.

SIGNER, JAMES J. HUGHES.

21 December 1937.
LIST OF OFFICERS AND ENLISTED MEN ABOARD THE USS PANAY WHEN SUNK IN THE YANGTZE RIVER, CHINA, ON DECEMBER 12th, 1937, TO-GETHER WITH A BRIEF STATEMENT AS TO NATURE OF INJURIES SUSTAINED.

Lieut. Comdr., James J. Hughes, USN Fracture, simple, right femur.
Condition faorable.
Trans. USS AUGUSTA Dec. 19th.
Lieut. Arthur F. Anders, USN. Wounds, multiple, shrapnel, left neck and left thumb, also fracture compound third finger right hand.
Condition favorable.
Now aboard USS AUGUSTA.
Lieut. (jg) John W. Geist, USN. Wounds, multiple, shrapnel, lower left leg and left shoulder.
Condition favorable.
Now aboard USS AUGUSTA.
Ensign Denis H. Riwerse, USN. Safe, uninjured- aboard USS AUGUSTA
Lieut. (MC) Clark G. Grazier, USN. Safe, uninjured - aboard USS AUGUSTA
ADAMS, Charles Speed, R.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured, Trans. AUGUSTA
BARBA, Tony, Jr., S.C.3c,USN. Safe, uninjured, Trans. AUGUSTA
BIRK, Carl Henry, E.M.1c,USN. Multiple shrapnel wounds of buttocks and neck.
Conditierious.
BONKOSKI, John Anthony, G.M.3c,USN. Safe, uninjured, Trans. AUGUSTA.
BRANCH, Ernest Claton, F.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured, Trans. AUGUSTA.
BROWNING, Raymond Leroy, E.M.3c,USN. Slightly njured- nature of injuries not reported. Not serious.
Trans. AUGUSTA.
CHEATHAM, Walter, Coxswain, USN. Safe, uninjured.
uss panay
USS PANAY- Personnel- Sheet #2
COLEMAN, Thomas Allen, C.Ph.M.,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
COWDEN, Edward Elvin, Coxswain, USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
DAVIS, Newton Lewis, F.1c,USN. Wound, shrapnel, puncture, left chest-Condition faborable.
Trans. AUGUSTA.
DIRNHOFER, John Allen, Sea.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
DUCEY, Ting, Mess Attendant 1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
ENSMINGER< Charle Lee, S.K.1c,USN. DIED - 13 December 1937, at Hohsien, China, of gunshot wounds.
ERH, Yuan Te, Mess Attendant 1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
FICHTENMAYER, Fred George, C.M.1c,USN Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
FISHER, Emery Frank.W.T., USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
GERENT, Michael, M.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
GRANES, Joseph Anthony, G.M.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
GREEN, Cecil Bernard, Sea.1c,USN. Slightly injured- nature of injuries not reported.
Trans. USS AUGUSTA.
HEBARD, Robert Raymond, F.1c,USN Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
HENNESSY, John Nicholas, G.M.2d,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
HODGE, John Luther, F.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
HOYLE, William T., M.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
HUFFMAN, Ron Birdell, W.T.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
HULSEBUS, Edgar William George, Cox.,USN. DIED- 19 December 1937 at County Hospital, Shanghai, China, of wounds, gunshot, sixth dorsal vertebrae.
JOHNSON, Karl Harold, M.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
KERSKE, Carl Herman, Cox.,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
USS PANAY- Personnel- Sheet #3
KLUMPEERS, Peter Henry, C.M.M.,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
KOZAK, Alex, M.M.2c,USN. Wound penetrating machine gun bullet left chest & minor shrapnel of both legs.
Condition faborable.
Trans. USS AUGUSTA.
LANDER, William Perley, Sea.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
LANG, John Henry, C.Q.M.,USN. Shrapnel wounds, lacerated right arm, and cuts of face and chest. Condition favorable.
Trans. USS AUGUSTA.
MAHLMANN, Ernest Richard, C.B.M.,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
MC CABE, William Allen, F.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
MC EOWEN, Stanley William, S.1c,USN Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
MURPHY, James Timithy, Jr., R.M.3c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
PECK, James Harvey, Q.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
PETERSON, Reginald, R.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
PUCKETT, Vernon Fate, M.M.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
RICE, Kenneth James, E.M.3c,USN. Multiple shrapnel wound of the occipital and right lumbar region. Condition serious.
Trans. SECMARBRIG Hospital, Shanghai, China.
RIDER, Maurice David, Coxswain, USN . Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
RINALDI, Antonio, Sea.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured; Trans. AUGUSTA
SCHROYER, Charles Scott, Sea.1c,USN. Multiple shrapnel wounds right vertex scalp and left groin. Condition ciritcal
Trans. SECMARBRIG Hospital, Shannghai, China.
USS PANAY-Personnel- Sheet #4.
SPINDLE, Thomas Matthew, Jr., Q.M.3c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
SUNG, King Fong, Mess Attendant 1c,USN Safe, uninjured.
TENNY, John Patrick, Coxswain,USN Safe, uninjured.
TRUAX, Homer Wharton, B.M.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
TUCK, Harry Bernard, Sea.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
WAXLER, Cleo Earmile, B.M.2c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
WEBER, John Thomas Yeo.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
WEIMERS, Gerald Louis, M.M.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
WILLIAMSON, Marcus Veale, F.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
WISLER, Andy Reed, R.M.1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
WONG, Far Ze, Mess Attendant 1c,USN. Safe, uninjured.
ZIEGLER, Peres Dix, S.C.3c,USN. Wound, shrapnel, left neck.
Condition serious.

Note; The CINCAF reports by despatch that all PANAY personnel received aboard USS AUGUSTA, on December 19th, excepting three enlisted men who were transferred to the SECMARBRIG Hospital, Shangghai, China, namely: HULSEBUS, RICE and SCHROYER, and the one death, ENSMINGER reported by the OAHU.

Nav-642-1

21 December 1937

MEMORANDUM FOR COMMANDER OLDENDORF:

The following is th eestimated value of the clothing and personal effects of the enlisted men attached to the U.S.S. PANAY:

5 Chief Petty Officers
Clothing and Small Stores $100.00 (each)
4 Suits, blue @ $50.00 200.00
8 Stuis, white @ 12.00 96.00
Toilet articles 10.00
Cuff buttons 5.00
Collar buttons 1.00
12 Shirts, white 24.00
12 Collars 5.00
12 Socks, white 6.00
2 Shoes, white 10.00
Watch 50.00
Miscellaneous personal effects 10.00
517.00 (each CPO)
Total - - $ 2,585.00

49 Other enlisted men
Clothing and Small Stores 100.00
Additional clothing 40.00
Toilet articles 10.00
Watch 50.00
Miscellaneous personal effects 10.00
210.00 (each)
Total - - 10,290.00
Grand Total - - $12,875.00

W. D. Hall

22 December 1937

LIST OF THE PERSONNEL ABOARD THE USS PANAY WHEN SUNK SHOWING THOSE DEAD; SERIOUSLY INJURED; SLIGHTLY INJURED; AND UNINJURED.

DEAD:
ENSMINGER, Charles Lee, S.K.1c,USN- Died 13 Dec. 1937 at Hohsien, China- gunshot wounds.
HULSEBUS, Edgar William George, Cox.,USN- Died - 19 Dec. 1937. County Hospital, Shanghai, of wounds, gunshot, sixth dorsal vertebrae.
SERIOUSLY INJURED.
Lieut. Comdr. James J. Hughes, USN- F racture, simply, right femur Condition favorable.
Lieut. Arthur F. Anders, USN - Wounds, multiple, shrap, left neck and left thumb, also fracture compound third finger right hand. Condition favorable.
Lieut.(jg) John W. Geist, USN Wounds, multiple, shrapnel, lower left leg and left shoulder. Condition favorable.
BIRK, Carl Henry, E.M.1c,USN Multiple shrapnel wounds of buttocks and neck
DAVIS, Newton Lewis, F.1c Wound, shrapnel, puncture, left chest- Condition favorable.
KOZAK, Alex, M.M.2c,USN Wound penetrating machine gun bullet left chest and minor shrapnel wounds of both legs. Condition favorable.
LANG, John Henry, C.Q.M.,USN Shrapnel wounds, lacerated right arm, and cuts of face & chest.. Condition favorable.
RICE, Kenneth James, E.M.3c,USN Multiple shrapnel wounds of the occipital and right lumbar region. Condition serious.
SCHROYER, Charles Scott, Sea.1c, Multipshrapnel wounds right vortex scalp and left groin. Condition critical.
ZIEGLER, Peres Dix, S.C.3c,USN Wound, shrapnel, left neck. Condition serious.
SLIGHTLTY INJURED OR SUFFERING FROM SHOCK
ADAMS, Charles Speed,R.M.2c,USN.
BARBA, Tony, Jr., S.C.3c,USN.
BONKOSKI, John Anthony, G.M.3c,USN.
BRANCH, Ernest Claton, F.1c,USN.
BROWNING, Raymond Leroy, E.M.3c,USN.
CHEATHAM, Walter, Coxswain, USN
COLEMAN, Thomas Allen, C.Ph.M.,USN.
DIRNHOFER, John Alen, Sea.1c,USN
ERH, Yuan Te, Mess Attendant 1c,USN.
FICHTENMAYER, Fred George, C.M.1c,USN.
FISHER, Emery Frank, C.W.T.USN.
GERENT, Michael, M.M.2c,USN.
GREEN, Cecil Bernard, Sea.1c,USN.
HODGE, John Luther, F.1c,USN.
HUFFMAN, Fon Birdell, W.T.2c,USN.
JOHNSON, Karl Harold, M.M.2c,USN.
KERSKE, Carl Herman, Cox.,USN.
KLUMPERS, Peter Henry, C.M.M.,USN.
LANDER, William Perley, Sea.1c,USN.
MAHLMANN, Ernest Richard, C.B.M.,USN.
MC CABE, William Allen, F.1c,USN.
MC EOWEN, Stanley William, Sea.1c,USN.
PECK, James Harvey, Q.M.2c,USN.
PETERSON, Reginald, R.M.2c,USN.
PUCKETT, Vernon Fate, M.M.1c,USN.
SUNG, King Fong, Mess Attendant 1c,USN.
TUCK, Harry Bernard, Sea.1c,USN.
WAXLER, Cleo Earmile, B.M.2c,USN.
WEBER, John Thomas, Yeo.1c,USN.
HEBARD, Robert Raymond, F.1c,USN.
WONG, Far Ze, Mess Attendant 1c,USN.

Lieut. (MC) Clark G. Grazier USN.
Ensign Denis H. Biwerse, USN.
UNINJURED
COEN, Edward Elvin, Coxswain, USN.
DUCEY, Ting, Mess Attendant 1c, USN.
GRANES, Joseph Anthony, G.M.1c,USN.
HENNESEY, John Nicholas, G.M.2c,USN.
HOYLE, William T. M.M.2c,USN.
MURPHY, James Timothy, Jr., R.M.3c,USN.
RIDER< Maurice David, Cox.,USN.
RINALDI, Antonio, Sea.1c,USN.
SPINDLE, Thomas Matthew, Jr., Q.M.3c,USN.
TENNY, John Patrick, Cox.,USN.
TRUAX, Homer Wharton, B.M.1c,USN.
WEIMERS, Gerald Louis, M.M.1c,USN.
WILLIAMSON, Marcus Veale, F.1c,USN.
WISLER, Andy Reed, R.M.1c, USN

(SC) AS-2/EF37
Op-138/Ps 23 Dec
27 Dec. 1937

Sir:

Acknowledgment is made of your letter of 21 D ecember 1937, in which you state that the Japanese Foreign Office has delivered a note to the American Embassy in Tokyo, in which it was stated that the Japanese Goverment "will make indefication for all the losses" sustained as a result of the bombing of the U.S.S. PANAY and American merchant vessels on December 12, 1937.

In connection with your request, the following estimate of the amount on account of damages sustained by the U.S.S. PANAY and equipment is submitted with the bases upon which the estimate is predicated:

Cost of hull and machinery $455,727.87
Cost of ships' equipage, 30 September 1937:
Navigation $1,539.60
Ordnance 41,922.41
Construction and Repair 12,203,86
Engineering 22,456.22
Supplies and Accounts 1,754.29
Medicine and Surgery 988.88
80,865.26
Supplies on board, 30 September 1937 (provisions, fuel, operating supplies, medical supplies) 7,239.95
Cash balance, 30 September 1937, in hands of special disbersing officer 2,808.94
Total $546,642.02

The statement of equipage and supplies on hand, 30 September 1937, is based on official reports submitted as of the date mentioned. No subsequent returns have been received and it is considered proper to assume that little or no change in the value of supplies and equipage occurred udring the interim 1 October through the date on which the PANAY was lost.

The official account current submitted by tecial disbursing officer on board the PANAY for the quarter ending 30 September 1937, reported a cash balance on hand amounting to $2,808.94. No information is available at this time covering changes in this account since 30 September 1937.

The following estimate of the amount to cover losses and damages sustained by officers and members of the crew, or their next of kin, is submitted iwth the bases upon which the estimate is predicated:

(A) List of dead, seriously injured, and lsightly injured or suffering from shock and exposure; and estimates damages sustained:

DEAD
ENSMINGER, Charles Lee, S.K.1c,USN- Died 13 December 1937, at Hohsien, China- gunshot wound -- $60,000.00
HULSEBUS, Edgar William George, Cox.,USN* Died 19 Dec.. 1937, County Hospital, Shanghai, of wounds, gunshot, sixth dorsal vertebrae $40,000.00
$100,000.00
SERIOUSLY INJURED (11)
Lieut. Comdr. James J. Hughes, USN- Fracture, simple, right femur $25,000.00
Lieut. Arthur F. Anders, USN- Wounds, multiple, shrapnel, left neck and left thumb, also fracture compound third finger right hand $25,000.00
Lieut. (jg) John W. Geist, USN- Wounds, multiple shrapnel lower left leg and left shoulder $25,000.00
BIRK, Carl Henry, E.M.1c,USN- Multiple shhrapnel wounds of buttocks and neck $30,000.00
DAVIS, Carl Henry, F.1c,USN- Wound, shrapnel, puncture, left chest $25,000.00
HEBARD, Robert R. F.1c,USN- Reported by Court of Inquiry detail not received yet $25,000.00
KOZAK, Alex M.M.2c,USN - Wound penetrating, machine gun bullet left chest and minor shrapnel wound of legs $25,000.00
LANG, John Henry, CQM,USN- Shrapnel wounds, lacerated right arm, and cuts of face & chest $25,000.00
RICE, Kenneth James, E.M.3c- Multiple shrapnel wounds of the occipital and right lumbar region $30,000.00
SCHROYER, Charles Scott,S.1c Multiple shrapnel wounds right vortex scalp and left groin. Condition critical. $40,000.00
ZIEGLER, Peres Dix, S.C.3c,USN- Wounds, shrapnel, left neck $30,000.00
SLIGHTLY INJURED (32)
ADAMS, Charles Speed, R.M.2c,USN $5,000.00
BARBA, Tony, Jr., S.C.3c,USN 5,000.00
BONKOSKI, John Anthony, G.M.3c,USN 5,000.00
BRANCH, Ernest Claton, F.1c,USN 5,000.00
BROWNING, Raymond Leroy, E.M.3c,USN 5,000.00
CHEATHAM, Walter, Coxswain, USN 5,000.00
COLEMAN, Thomas Allen, C.Ph.M.,USN 5,000.00
DIRNHOFER, John Allen, Sea.1c,USN 5,000.00
ERH, Yuan Te, Mess Attendant 1c,USN 5,000.00
FICHTENMAYER, Fred Geroge, C.M.1c,USN 5,000.00
FISHER, Emery Frank, C.W.T.,USN 5,000.00
GERENT, Michael, M.M.2c,USN 5,000.00
GREEN, Cecil Bernard, Sea.1c,USN 5,000.00
HODGE, John Luther, F.1c,USN 5,000.00
HUFFMAN, Fon Birdell, W.T.2c,USN 5,000.00
JOHNSON, Karl Harold, M.M.2c,USN 5,000.00
KERSKE, Carl Herman, Cox.,USN 5,000.00
KLUMPERS, Peter Henry, C.M.M.,USN 5,000.00
LANDER, William Perley, Sea.1c,USN 5,000.00
MAHLMANN, Ernest Richard, C.B.M.,USN 5,000.00
MC CABE, William Allen, F.1c,USN 5,000.00
MC EOWEN, Stanley William, Sea.1c,USN 5,000.00
PECK, James Harvey, Q.M.2c,USN 5,000.00
PETERSON, Reginald, R.M.2c,USN 5,000.00
PUCKETT, Vernon Fate, M.M.1c,USN 5,000.00
SUNG, King Fong, Mess Attendant 1c,USN 5,000.00
TUCK, Harry Bernard, Sea.1c,USN 5,000.00
WAXLER, Cleo Earmile, B.M.2c,USN 5,000.00
WEBER, John Thomas, Yeo,1c,USN 5,000.00
WONG, Far Ze, Mess Attendant 1c,USN 5,000.00
Lieut.. (M.C.) Clark H. Grazier, U.S.N. 5,000.00
Ensign Denis H. Biwerse, U.S.N. 5,000.00
TOTAL $160,000.00
SUFFERING FROM SHOCK AND EXPOSURE (14)
COWDEN, Edward Elvin, Cosxwain, USN $3,000.00
DUCEY, Ting, Mess Attendant 1c,USN 3,000.00
GRANES, Joseph Anthony, G.M.1c,USN 3,000.00
HENNESSY, John Nicholas, G.M.2c,USN 3,000.00
HOYLE, William T. M.M.2c,USN 3,000.00
MURPHY, James Timothy, Jr., R.M.3c,USN 3,000.00
RIDER, Maurice David, Cox.,USN 3,000.00
RINALDI, Antonio, Sea.1c,USN 3,000.00
SPINDLE, Thomas Matthew, Jr., Q.M.3c,USN 3,000.00
TENNY, John Patrick, Cox.,USN 3,000.00
TRUAX, Homer Wharton, B.M.1c,USN 3,000.00
WEIMERS, Gerald Louis, M.M.1c,USN 3,000.00
WILLIAMSON, Marcus Veale, F.1c,USN 3,000.00
WISLER, Andy Reed, R.M.1c,USN 3,000.00
TOTAL $42,000.00
Total of claims for loss of life and personal injuries $607,000.00

(B) Cost of hospitalization of officers and men (13)

Estimated Cost of Hospitalization

Name Hospitalization
days Rate Extension

Lieut. Comdr. James J. Hughes, USN 548 $5.29 $2,898.92
Lieut. Arthur F. Anders, USN 183 5.29 968.07
Lieut. (jg) John W. Geist, USN 183 5.29 968.07
Birk, Carl Henry, E.M.1c,USN 365 5.29 1,930.85
Davis, Newton Lewis, F.1c,USN 365 5.29 1,930.85
Ensminger, Charles Lee, SK-1c,USN Died --- 575.00
Hebard, Robert R., F.1c,USN 271 5.29 1,433.59
Hulsebus, Edgar Wm., Geo.,Cox.,USN Died --- 575.00
Kozak, Alex. M.M.2c.,USN 365 5.29 1,930.85
Lang, John Henry, CQM, USN 271 5.29 1,433.59
Rice,, Kenneth James, E.M.3c,USN 365 5.29 1,930.85
Schroyer, Charles Scott, Sea.1c,USN 365 5.29 1,930.85
Ziegler, Peres Dix, S.C.3c,USN 365 5.29 1,930.85
Total $20,437.34

(C) Pay and allowances of officer and men - Loss to U.S.Government during sick status (11)

Name Cost to U.S.Government
Hughes, J.J., Lt. Comdr.,USN $ 8,643.38
Anders, A.F., Lieutenant, USN 2,084.70
Geist, J.W., Lieut. (jg) 1,162.67
Birk, Carl Henry, E.M.1c,USN 1,159.20
Davis, Newton Lewis, F.1c,USN 792.00
Hebard, Robert R., F.1c,USN 594.00
Kozak, Alex, M.M.2c,USN 950.00
Lang, John Henry, CQM, USN 1,417.50
Rice, Kenneth James, E.M.3c,USN 792.00
Schroyer, Charles Scott, S.1c,USN 712.00
Ziegler, Peres Dix, S.C.3c,USN 792.00
Total $19,100.65

(D) Personal property losses of officers and men.
Lieut. Comdr. Hughes 1,200.00
Lieut. Anders 1,000.00
Lieut. (jg) Geist 1,000.00
Ensign Biwerse 1,000.00
Lieut. Grazier (MC) 1,100.00
5 Chief Petty Officers- normal clothing, etc. @ $517.00 each $2,585.00
49 other enlisted men-normal clothing, etc. @ $210.00 each $10,290.00
$18,175.00
Recapitulation:-

Ship and equipment, etc. $546,642.02
Personnel:
(A) Dead and injured 607,000.00
(B) Hospitalization 20,437.34
(C) Loss of Services 19,100.65
(D) Personal property 18,175.00
Grand Total $1,211,355.01

The amount of the claims submitted for death and personal injury is the best estimate that the Judge Advocate General of the Navy could make with th elimited time available and considered precedents under somewhat similar state of facts. In all cases, and particularly in the cases of shock and exposure, the resultant damage incurred may not appear for some considerable time. in this connection, any settlement must considered the fact that the value of the dollar has depreciated since most of the claims considered for procedent have been adjudicated.

The claims submitted are based on a condition that the injuring state is prepared to pay the claims in a lump sum. If the claims are to be submitted to any board of arbitration, the amounts submitted herein should not be considered as final.

No account of damages for any civilians, State or War Department personnel and property or for damages punitive in nature, has been included.

Respectfully,

CLAUDE A SWANSON

THE HONORABLE

THE SECRETARY OF STATE

Nav64-EVH

5 January 1938

MEMORANDUM FOR COMMANDER L. J. WILTSE, USN, Room 3914.

The following is a list of the personnel attached to the U.S.S. PANAY who were killed, seriously injured or slightly injured when that vessel was sunk by the Japanese near Hohsien, China on December 12th, 1937. This list shows the extent of the injuries sustained, as reported to this Bureau to date, and the dependents surviving those who died as result of the bombing.

No estimate can be made as to the cost of the several bills introduced for the adjudication on the World War basis, of death and disability claims resulting from the conditions in China, since the degree of disability is determined by the U.S.Veterans' Administration, and is the basis for all payments.

The Bureau decidedly favors World War rates instead of Peace Time rates in the adjudication of these claims.

With reference to these bills and similar legislation which may be introduced, your attention is invited to Veterans' Regulation 1-A, Part II, Par. 1-C, reading as follows:

"Any veteran or the dependents of any deceased veteran otherwise entitled to pension under the provisions of Part II of this regulation shall be entitled to receive the rate of pension provided in Part I of this regulation if the disability or death resulted from an injury received in line of duty in actual combat in a military expedition or military occupation."

It is suggested that the Secretary of the Navy be consulted towards the determination of whether or not service performed in China during the present crisis is described as a military expedition or occupation, in which case the necessity for private legislation may be obviated, and all casualties, past present and future can be adjudicated on World War basis under existing regulations.

NAV64-EVH

10 January 1938.

LIST OF THE PERSONNEL KILLED, SERIOUSLY INJURED, SLIGHTLY INJURED, AND THOSE SUFFERING FROM SHOCK AND EXPOSURE, IN THE SINKING OF THE U.S.S. PANAY NEAR HOHSIEN, CHINA, ON DECEMBER 12th, 1937, SHOWING EXTENNT OF INJURIES AND PROGNOSIS, AS REPORTED TO THIS BUREAU TO DATE, AND DEPENDENTS OF THE DECEASED.

DEAd ENSMINGER, Charles Lee, Storekeeper 1st class, U.S. Navy.
Died 13 December 1937 at Hohsien, China, as result of gunshot wounds.
Surviving relatives: Widow, Mrs. Lucile C. Ensminger,
c/o Mr. H.T. Omslaer,
#1006 Davis St., Evanston, Ill
Father, Mr. Thomas C. Ensminger,
c/o Mrs. William Hamilton,
Van Buren, Arkensas.
HULSEBUS, Edgar William George, Coxswain, U.S. Navy.
Died 19 December 1937 at County Hospital, Shanghai, China, as a result of gunshot wounds, sixth dorsal vertebrae.
Surviving relatives: Mother, Mrs. Katherine Hulsebus,
R.F.D.#2, Canton, Missouri.
Father, Mr. Peter William Hulsebus,
R.F.D.#2, Canton, Missouri.

SERIOUSLY INJURED.
Lieut. Comdr., James J. Hughes, USN- Probable permanent disability. Impacted intertrochanteric fracture right femur with shortening right leg and deformity with inward rotation. Unpredictable amount of disability in right hip joint. Possible medical discharge.
Lieut. Arthur F. Anders, USN- Probable permanent disability from fracture compound first phalanx middle right finger and shrapnel wound over left index finger involving extensor tendons. Possible medical discharge.
Lieut. (jg) John W. Geist, USN- Possible Osteomyelitis chronic lefdt tibia with ulcer chronic skin of left leg. Possible permanent disabililty resulting in medical discharge.
BURK, Carl Henry, E.M.1c,USN- Probable permanent disability from multiple suppurating shrapnel wound, marked secondary anemia, compound fracture right fifth metacaro-phalangeal joint, and tendon involvement of ring finger, right, resulting in ankylosis of metacarpo-phalangeal joint, righ fourth and fifth fingers. Probable medical discharge.
DAVIS, Newton Lewis, F.1c,USN- Probable complications and permanent disability from freign body (shrapnel) in left pleural space. Probable medical discharge.
KOZAK, Alex, M.M.2c,USN- Probable permanent disability from Osteomyelitis chronic right tibia. Poossible complications with disability from presence foreign bodies in left pleural space. Probable medical discharge.
HEBARD, Robert Raymond, F.1c,USN- Probable no permanent disability from lacerated shrapnel wound left buttock.
LANG, John Henry, C.Q.M.,USN- Probable permanent disability in ankylosis of right elbow joint and permanent disfigurement of face from shrapnel wound in chin.
RICE, Kenneth James, E.M.3c,USN- Probable complications and possible disability with medical discharge from presence foreign body (shrapnel) at level of transverse process first lumbar vertebra.
SCHROYER, Charles Scott, Sea.1c,USN- Probable permanent disability from chronic osteomyelitis and chronic ulceration of left leg at site of shrapnel wound. Possible medical discharge.
ZIEGLER, Peres Dix, S.C.3c,USN- Probable permanent disability marked from scar contracture of neck wound. Probable complications from involvement of brachial plexus left and structures in left carotid sheath, and from presence foreign body (shrapnel) at spine of seventh cervical vertebra. Probable medical discharge.

SLIGHTLY INJURED
ADAMS, Charles Speed, R.M.2c,USN.
BARBA, Tony, Jr., S.C.3c,USN.
BONKOSKI, John Anthony, G.M.3c,USN.
BRANCH, Ernest Claton, F.1c,USN.
BROWNING, Raymond Leroy, E.M.3c,USN.
CHEATHAM, Walter, Coxswain, USN.
COLEMAN, Thomas Alen, C. Ph.M.,USN.
DIRNHOFER, John Allen, Sea.1c,USN.
ERH, Yuan Te, Mess Attendant 1c, USN.
FICHTENMAYER, Fred George, C.M.1c,USN.
FISHER, Emery Frank, C.W.T.,USN.
GERENT, Michael, M.M.2c,USN.
GREEN, Cecil Bernard, Sea.1c,USN.
HODGE, John er, F.1c,USN.
HUFFMAN, Fon Birdell, W.T.2c,USN.
JOHNSON, Earl Harold, M.M.2c,USN.
KERSKE, Carl Herman, Coxswain, USN.
KLUMPERS, Petery Henry, C.M.M.,USN.
LANDER, William Perley, Sea.1c,USN.
MAHLMANN, Ernest Richard, C.B.M.,USN.
MC CABE, William Allen, F.1c,USN.
MC EOWEN, Stanley William, Sea.1c,USN.
PECK, James Harvey, Q.M.2c,USN.
PETERSON, Reginald, R.M.2c,USN.
PUCKETT, Vernon Fate, M.M.1c,USN.
SUNG, King Fong, Mess Attenndant 1c, USN.
TUCK, Harry Bernard, Sea.1c,USN.
WAXLER, Cleo Earmile, B.M.2c,USN.
WEBER, John Thomas, Yeo.1c,USN.
WONG, Far Ze, Mess Attendant 1c, USN.

Lieutenant Clark G. Grazier, Medical Corps, U.S.Navy.
Ensign Denis H. Biwerse, U.S.Navy.

SUFFERING FROM SHOCK AND EXPOSURE.
COWDEN, Edwared Elvin, Coxswain, USN.
DUCEY, Ting, Mess Attendant 1c, USN.
GRANES, Joseph Anthony, G.M.1c,USN.
HENNESSY, John Nicholas, G.M.2c,USN.
HOYLE, William T. M.M.2c,USN.
MURPHY, James Timothy, Jr., R.M.3c,USN.
RIDER, Maurice David, Coxswain, USN.
RINALDI, Antonio, Sea.1c,USN.
SPINDLE, Thomas Matthew, Jr., Q.M.3c,USN.
TENNY, John Patrick, Cox., USN.
TRUAX, Homer Wharton, B.M.1c,USN.
WEIMERS, Gerald Louis, M.M.1c,USN.
WILLIAMSON, Marcus Veale, F.1c,USN.
WISLER, Andy Reed, R.M.1c,USN.

From: CINCAF (USS ISABEL)
ACTION: CPNAV
INFORM: CINCAF (ADMN) AM AMBASSADOR CHINA.

1609 BRIGADE SURGEON REPORTS PROGNOSIS IN CASES OFFICERS MEN WOUNDED IN PANAY COLON LIEUT COMDR J J HUGHES PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM IMPACTED INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURE RIGHT FEMUR WITH SHORTENING RIGHT LEG AND DEFORMITY WITH INWARD ROTATION COMMA UNPREDICTABLE AMOUNT OF DISABILITY IN RIGHT HIP JOINT POSSIBLE MEDICAL DISCHARGE. LIEUT JG J W GEIST POSSIBLE OSTEOMYELITIS CHRONIC LEFT TIBIA WITH ULCER CHRONIC SKIN OF LEFT LEG POSSIBLE PERMANENT DISABILITY RESULTING IN MEDICAL DISCHARGE LIEUT JG J W ANDERS PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM FRACTURE COMPOUND FIRST PHALANX MIDDLE RIGHT FINGER AND SHRAPNEL WOUND OVER LEFT INDEX FINGER INVOLVING EXTENSOR TENDONS POSSIBLE MEDICAL DISCHARGE. A KOZAK MM SECOND PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM OSTEOMYELITIS CHRONIC RIGHT TIBIA POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS WITH DISABILITY FROM PRESENCT FOREIGN BODIES IN LEFT PLEURAL SPACE PROBABLE MEDICAL DIISCHARGE N L DAVIS FIREMAN FIRST PROBABLE COMPLICATIONS AND PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM FOREIGN BODY PARENTHESIS SHRAPNEL PARENTHESIS IN LEFT PLEURAL SPACE PROBABLE MEDICAL DISCHARGE K J RICE RM THIRD PROBABLE COMPLICATIONS AND POSSIBLE DISABILITY WITH MEDICAL DISCHARGE FROM PRESENCE FOREIGN BODY PARENTHESIS SHRAPNEL PARENTHESIS AT LEVEL OF TRANSVERCE PROCESS FIRST LUMBAR VERTEBRA P D ZIEGLER SC THIRD PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY MARKED FROM SCAR CONTRACTURE OF NECK WOUND PROBABLE COMPLICATIONS FROM INVOLVEMENT OF BRACHIAL PLEXUS LEFT AND STRUCTURES IN LEFT CAROTID SHEATH AND FROM PRESENCE FOREIGN BODY PARENTHESIS SHRAPNEL PARENTHESIS AT SPINE OF SEVEN VERVICAL VERTEBRA PROBABLE MEDICAL DISCHARGE C S SCHROYER SEA FIRST PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM CHRONIC OSTEOMYELITIS AND CHRONIC ULCERATION OF LEFT LEG AT SITE OF SHRAPNEL WOUND PORRIBLE MEDICAL DISCHARGE C H BIRK EM FIRST PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM MUYLTIPLE USPPURATING SHRAPNEL WOUND COMMA MARKED SECONDARY ANEMIA COMMA COMPOUND FRACTURE RIGHT FIFTH METACARPO DASH PHALANGEAL JOINT COMMA AND TENDON INVOLVEMENT OF RING FINGER COMMA RIGHT COMMA RESULTING IN ANKYLOSIS OF METACARPO DASH PHALANGEAL JOINT COMMA RIGHT FOURTH AND FIFTH FINGERS PROBABLE MEDICAL DISCHARGE J H LANG CHIEF QM PROBABLE PERMANENT DISABILITY IN ANKYLOSIS OF RIGHT ELBOW AND PERMANENT DISFIGUREMENT OF FACE FROM SHRAPNEL WOUND IN CHIN R R HEBARD FIREMAN FIRST PROBABLE NO PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM LACERATED SHRAPNEL WOUND LEFT BUTTOCK PERIOD IN CASES CIVILIANNS JR PAXTON POSSIBLE PERMANENT DISABILITY FROM SHRAPNEL LEFT LEG LEFT ARM AND TRAUMATIC SYNOVITIS LEFT KNEE JOINT P GASSIE PROBABY MARKED DISABILITY PERMANENTLY FROM SHORTENING LEFT LEG AND PROBABLE ANKYLOSIS LEFT ANKLE JOINT L_") 1620

   
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