Blind, Howard James, LT Fallen
 
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Last Rank
Lieutenant
Last Primary Designator/NEC
112X-Unrestricted Line Officer - qualified in Submarine Warfare
Last Rating/NEC Group
Officer
Last Duty Station
1943-1944, 112X, USS Crevalle (SS-291)
Service Years
1942 - 1944
Lieutenant Lieutenant

 Last Photo   Personal Details 

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Home State
Illinois
Illinois
Year of Birth
1921
 
Casualty Info
Home Town
Not Specified
Last Address
Casper, WY

Casualty Date
Sep 11, 1944
 
Cause
Non Hostile- Body Not Recovered
Reason
Drowned, Suffocated
Location
South China Sea
Conflict
Wars and Conflicts/World War II
Location of Interment
Manila American Cemetery and Memorial - Manila, Philippines
Wall/Plot Coordinates
Not Specified

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Conflict  :   Campaigns, Battles and Exercises
Start Year
1700
End Year
2100
Description
Node
   
Conflict  :   Wars and Conflicts
Start Year
1700
End Year
2099
Description
Conflict
   
Conflict  :   World War II
Start Year
1939
End Year
1945
Description
Overview of World War II 

World War II killed more people, involved more nations, and cost more money than any other war in history. Altogether, 70 million people served in the armed forces during the war, and 17 million combatants died. Civilian deaths were ever greater. At least 19 million Soviet civilians, 10 million Chinese, and 6 million European Jews lost their lives during the war.

World War II was truly a global war. Some 70 nations took part in the conflict, and fighting took place on the continents of Africa, Asia, and Europe, as well as on the high seas. Entire societies participated as soldiers or as war workers, while others were persecuted as victims of occupation and mass murder.

World War II cost the United States a million causalities and nearly 400,000 deaths. In both domestic and foreign affairs, its consequences were far-reaching. It ended the Depression, brought millions of married women into the workforce, initiated sweeping changes in the lives of the nation's minority groups, and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life.

The War at Home & Abroad

On September 1, 1939, World War II started when Germany invaded Poland. By November 1942, the Axis powers controlled territory from Norway to North Africa and from France to the Soviet Union. After defeating the Axis in North Africa in May 1941, the United States and its Allies invaded Sicily in July 1943 and forced Italy to surrender in September. On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies landed in Northern France. In December, a German counteroffensive (the Battle of the Bulge) failed. Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The United States entered the war following a surprise attack by Japan on the U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii. The United States and its Allies halted Japanese expansion at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and in other campaigns in the South Pacific. From 1943 to August 1945, the Allies hopped from island to island across the Central Pacific and also battled the Japanese in China, Burma, and India. Japan agreed to surrender on August 14, 1945 after the United States dropped the first atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Consequences:

1. The war ended Depression unemployment and dramatically expanded government's presence in American life. It led the federal government to create a War Production Board to oversee conversion to a wartime economy and the Office of Price Administration to set prices on many items and to supervise a rationing system.

2. During the war, African Americans, women, and Mexican Americans founded new opportunities in industry. But Japanese Americans living on the Pacific coast were relocated from their homes and placed in internment camps.

The Dawn of the Atomic Age

In 1939, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Roosevelt, warning him that the Nazis might be able to build an atomic bomb. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi, an Italian refugee, produced the first self-sustained, controlled nuclear chain reaction in Chicago.

To ensure that the United States developed a bomb before Nazi Germany did, the federal government started the secret $2 billion Manhattan Project. On July 16, 1945, in the New Mexico desert near Alamogordo, the Manhattan Project's scientists exploded the first atomic bomb.

It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a B-29 Superfortress, released an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Between 80,000 and 140,000 people were killed or fatally wounded. Three days later, a second bomb fell on Nagasaki. About 35,000 people were killed. The following day Japan sued for peace.

President Truman's defenders argued that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of American lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives. His critics argued that the war might have ended even without the atomic bombings. They maintained that the Japanese economy would have been strangled by a continued naval blockade, and that Japan could have been forced to surrender by conventional firebombing or by a demonstration of the atomic bomb's power.

The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
   
Patrol  :   Submarine War Patrols
Start Year
1939
End Year
1945
Description
Not Specified
   
Patrol  :   USS CREVALLE (SS-291) 5th War Patrol
Start Year
1944
End Year
1944
Description
She is ordered to patrol in the Philippines.
   
Participation
From Year
1944
To Year
1944
 
Personal Recollections

Names of Shipmates and Officers Involved
Commissioned Officers


Walker, F.D. Lt. Cdr. USN
Mazzone,W.F., Lt. (jg) USNR
Ruhe, W. J., Lt. Cdr. USN
Loveland, R.A., Lt.(jg) USNR
Blind, H. J., Lt. USNR
Bowe, R.E., Ens. USN
Morin, G.F., Lt. USNR
King, C. D. G., Ens. USNR

Chief Petty Officers
Babick, John, CEM(PA) USN
Pitts, Louis F., CRM(AA) USN
Biehl, Henry Tudor, CRT (AA) USNR
Ricksecker, Guy M., CMoMM (AA) USN
Blackburn, Orville G., CGM(AA) USN
Shopp, Jerome N., CCS(PA) USN
Chambers, Wayne M., CMomm(AA) (T) USN Snellings, Earl M., CQM (AA)(T) USN
Howard, James H., CTM(AA) USN
Williams, George E., CEM (AA) (T) USN

Enlisted Crew Members
Adams, William LeVerna, S1c, USNR
Niemczyk, Joseph N., TM2c USNR
Barnes, Frank, MoMM1c, USN
Osborne, Cedric H., PhM1c USN
Bessette, Roland, P.P., TM3c, USNR
Rennecke, Wyman John, EM1c USNR
Bower, Albert F., RT2c USNR
Reynolds, Rodney Ralph, SM 3c USN
Crowley, Joseph D. TM1c, USN
Roraback, Gilbert Little, TM2c USNR
Culley, Harold R., GM3c USNR
Stagman, Paul Louis, EM2c USN
Daughty, Russell L., Bkr3c (T) USNR
Schwarz, Robert Franklin, EM3c USNR
Ducharme, Armand N., EM1c USN Scisco, Clayton Sterlin, MoMM3c USN
Elliott, Walter J., FC(S)1c USN
Senn, Clayton S., MoMM3C USN
Enright, George F., TM2c USN
Sherick, Albert Marlin, EM3c USN
Fernandes, Albert C., MoMM1c USNR
Sinclair, Joe Milton, Jr., F1c USNR
Freeman, Edgar A., TM2c USNR
Singer, Jack William, EM3c USN
Fritchen, William L., GM2c(T) USNR
Stamly, Charles R., S1c USNR
Gaines, Robert E, MoMM2c(T) USNR
Starnes, Kenneth Jackson, MoMM 3c USN
Gaus, Leon E., TN3c USNR
Steinert, Herbert A., RM3c USNR
Graham, Ivan Hugh, MoMM3c USNR
Stokes, Frank H., SC2C USNR
Hall, Samuel E., TM1c USN
Tackett, William MoMM1c USN
Helix, Max Rudolph, MoMM1c USNR
Thompson, Robert, Jr., F2c USN
Hendrix, Orville B., Y1c USN
Tomlin, George Lawrence, EM2c USNR
Hildebrand, Charles Frederick, EM2c (T) USNR
Truman, Horace Lynn, MM1c USN
Howard, Stephen Aubry, FC(S)3c USNR
Weber, Russell Frederick, F1C USNR
Jenigen, Albert., F1c USNR Wheelus,
Roy Calvin, QM2C USN
Katchis, Jim "A," QM3c(T) USNR
Wiesniewski, Francis Walter, MoMM2C USN
Keane, Edward F., S1c USN
Yeager, Robert L., MoMM1c, USNR
Langfieldt, Maurice Edward, TM3c USNR
Larsen, James Louis, MoMM2c USNR
Lenatz, John Joseph, TM2c USN


Memories
1 Sep 1944
USS Crevalle (Lt. Cdr. F.D. Walker) departs Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She is ordered to patrol in the Philippines.

11 Sep 1944
Crevalle nearly had a fatal diving accident. She was, however, damaged in such a way that she had to abort her patrol.

15 Sep 1944
The damaged USS Crevalle calls at Darwin to make emergency repairs.

22 Sep 1944
Crevalle ends her 5th war patrol at Fremantle.


Last Updated:
Sep 11, 2013
   

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